What are the components of hrt?

Different types of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are available.

Combined continuous HRT · estrogen-only HRT · Tibolone There are different types of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) available.

Estrogens and progestins are the main hormonal drugs used in HRT.

Progesterone is the main female sex hormone that occurs naturally and is also converted into a medication used in menopausal hormone therapy.

While both classes of hormones may have a symptomatic benefit, progestogen is specifically added to estrogen regimens, unless the uterus has been removed, to prevent an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Unopposed estrogen therapy promotes endometrial hyperplasia and increases the risk of cancer, while progestogen reduces this risk. Sometimes, androgens such as testosterone are also used.

Hormone replacement therapy is available through a variety of different routes. Bioidentical hormone therapy (BHRT) uses processed hormones that come from plants. Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone are the most commonly used bioidentical hormones.